Silent, but never unnoticed, its forests paint the south of our country green. Did you know that Chile’s temperate forests and the dry subtropical forests of our region contain as much biological diversity as the humid tropical jungles? We know a lot about this in Chile, because our country is home to one tenth of the world’s temperate forests. It should therefore come as no surprise that the study of forest ecosystems and the species that live within them are some of the specialties offered at Chile’s universities.
In the Southern Hemisphere, this type of vegetation is found only in Chile, Argentina, New Zealand and Australia. Southern Chile’s temperate forests possess a unique and distinctive evolutionary history that is reflected in the genetic diversity of their endemic species, such as those of the Coihue or Nothofagus genus. This genetic diversity, which makes these forests so unique, is associated with the pronounced topographical gradients found in South-Central Chile.
Native forests represent 82% of Chile’s forest resources and are crucial for counteracting the effects of climate change, as they capture the greatest volume of CO2 and prevent the land from drying out by protecting the riverbanks and other water sources.
Forest management through ecological silviculture is based on a series of principles: maintaining ecosystems and their diverse structures; using natural forest development models; valuing ecosystem complexity and heterogeneity; and emphasizing diversity and resilience to reduce disruptive risks.
There is a broad array of academic programs on offer. Learn more about these and other specialties at LearnChile.cl
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