SOON YOU WILL MEET THE EXPLORERS OF THE XXI CENTURY

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NATIONAL CATEGORY

NotCo

Innovation by Mat铆as Muchnick

NotCo created an algorithm that uses artificial intelligence called Giuseppe, which takes information from thousands of plants, to produce food with the same taste, appearance and smell as the animal-based food we are used to.

Yakka

Innovation by Alejandro Abarcia

Yakka is a sphere that when in contact with fog, starts spinning, being able to collect up to 10 liters of water per day, depending on its location.

Atando Cabos

Innovation by Michel Compagnon

Atando Cabos is a circular economy project that, through collaboration and articulation, seeks to end massive plastic pollution in Patagonia.

Ra铆z Nativo

Innovation by Cristian Barahona

We provide a new life for people deprived of liberty. By recycling native wood we produce unique pieces, generating triple impact.

O-WIND Omnidirectional wind turbine

Innovation by Nicol谩s Orellana

The first truly omnidirectional wind turbine, able to generate power from chaotic winds from cities around the world.

FreshWater Solutions

Innovation by H茅ctor Pino

Technological innovation initiative with social and environmental impact that provides purified water to waterless communities in remote areas.

MAGALLANES CATEGORY

Racing Patagonia

Innovation by Stjepan Pavicic

International events that involve nature, sports, exploration and adventure to bring images and stories from Chilean Patagonia to the world.

Cape Horn: A natural laboratory for the world

Innovation by Ricardo Rozzi

Ecotourism with a hand lens has developed innovative ways to investigate, value and preserve the Subantarctic biodiversity in the austral summit of America.

Nunatak-Chile

Innovation by Francisco Cereceda

Primer laboratorio-refugio m贸vil, aut贸nomo y colaborativo para el estudio de la contaminaci贸n en los glaciares de Los Andes y su impacto en el cambio clim谩tico.

THE ADVENTURE THAT CONNECTED THE WORLD

ESPACIO PARA MOSTRAR LA ENTREVISTA A LA PERSONA RELEVANTE

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On September 20, 1519, a fleet commanded by the Portuguese captain Ferdinand Magellan, comprising five ships and around 250 men, sailed out of the port of Sanl煤car de Barrameda in southern Spain heading for the Atlantic. Its mission: To discover new western routes to the Spice Islands (Moluccas Islands).
The purpose of this journey was to discover a shorter route, which was the intention of Christopher Columbus when he found the American continent. But Magellan made an even greater discovery, one that was to change the course of history. Magellan鈥檚 expedition made the first ever journey around the world.

Once the journey began, they traveled through the Canary Islands and first stopped in Tenerife before sailing between the Cape Verde Islands and the coast of Guinea. The fleet then got ready to cross the Atlantic in the direction of America.

After several months of travel and tremendous weather challenges, the fleet approached the coast of America. Finally, on December 13, 1519, they reached land at the port of Santa Luc铆a, which is today R铆o de Janeiro.

One of the most difficult moments was the search for a route to the west of the continent. After R铆o, they traveled south along the coast. It was a hard winter and the conditions for the crew were difficult and this led to the loss of one ship and the desertion of another. After various attempts, they decided to explore an uncharted channel on November 1, 1520.

It was here, and after many difficulties, that they managed to successfully cross through that strait that connects the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. Today it is known as 鈥渢he Strait of Magellan,鈥 but at that time it was called the 鈥淪trait of All Saints鈥 because they ventured through it on All Saints鈥 Day. While they moved through the strait, they spotted numerous fires along the coast that had been lit by the indigenous people living in the area. That鈥檚 why the area was named 鈥淭ierra del Fuego鈥 or 鈥淟and of Fire.鈥

As they crossed through it and finally saw the entrance to the sea, the crew wept tears of joy. They named the place 鈥淐abo Deseado鈥 or 鈥淐ape of Desire.鈥 On November 28, 1520, Magellan and his fleet sailed for the first time in the southern sea that was called 鈥淧acific鈥 because it was so serene and tranquil. Magellan and his fleet could scarcely have imagined what new adventures and challenges were awaiting them in the vast Pacific.

The Pacific was much larger than they had expected and so Magellan and his fleet sailed for four long months. The crew battled hunger and illness as they searched for firm, inhabited land where they could stock up on supplies.

It was not until

March 6, 1521

鈥 by that time in extreme conditions 鈥 that they approached the island of Guam in what is today the archipelago of the Marianas Islands. It was then known as the 鈥淚slands of Thieves鈥 due to the unfortunate way its inhabitants welcomed newcomers.

They reached the Philippines, which Magellan called the 鈥淪aint Lazarus鈥 Islands,鈥 on March 16. Here their adventure took a fatal turn.

On April 7, they disembarked on the first island, Cebu, where Magellan forged a peaceful trade relationship with its king.

But 20 days later, in the early hours of April 27 on the nearby island of Mactan, Magellan and his men came up against the indigenous leader Lapulapu and his followers, with whom they failed to reach the same understanding that they had achieved on Cebu. It was there that Magellan died at the point of a lance, ending his journey and command of the fleet.

After Magellan鈥檚 death, the difficulties continued. But the goal of finding a western route to the Moluccas remained unchanged. With only two of the five original ships remaining 鈥 the Trinidad and the Victoria, now under the command of Sebasti谩n Elcano and staffed by just half of the original crew 鈥 the fleet made its way past various islands until reaching its destination on November 7, 1521.

They docked at Tidore Island on November 8. There they were received in peace and had the opportunity to restock and buy valuable spices to take back to Spain.

On December 18, 1521, the two ships got ready to set off back to Spain, but the Trinidad needed repairs. They agreed that it would return later via the Pacific Ocean. Meanwhile, the Victoria, with Elcano at the helm and ever fewer crew members, was to try to circumnavigate the globe according to Magellan鈥檚 original plan.

The voyagers crossed the Indian Ocean and made their way around Africa, struggling once again with the hunger, dangers and illnesses involved in another long journey on the open sea. Finally, on September 6, 1522, the ship reached Sanl煤car de Barrameda, the port from which it had set sail. There were just 18 crew members on board: the first 18 men to travel right around the world.

On September 8, the damaged but triumphant Victoria reached Seville. It was being towed by another boat but had Elcano and his crew aboard and local officials and residents were there to welcome them.

The next day, on September 9, 1522, the 18 men disembarked for the last time, in their shirts and barefoot. Their voyage to the End of the Earth and beyond had ended and they had succeeded in connecting the entire world for the very first time.

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